Tillandsia montana Reitz, Sellowia 14: 106, fig. 5. 1962.
Desc. from S&D p 833
Plant caulescent, flowering 2-3 dm high.
Leaves erect, 15-20 cm long, exceeding the inflorescence;
Sheaths ovate, distinct, 15 mm long, 6 mm wide;
Blades linear, filiform-attenuate, 3 mm wide at base, channeled, green or dark violet, appressed-lepidote.
Scape erect, 8-12 cm long, glabrate;
Scape-bracts erect, imbricate, the lower foliaceous, the upper membranaceous, lepidote.
Inflorescence simple, of 5-15 polystichous flowers, sub-lax, 3-4 cm long.
Floral bracts lance-ovate, attenuate, to 20 mm long, 7 mm wide, the lowest exceeding the petals, the upper exceeding the sepals, rarely inflated, nerved, roseate, sparsely lepidote;
Flowers erect or suberect, sessile.
Sepals lance-ovate, acute, to 12 mm long, equally connate for 2-3 mm, membranaceous, roseate;
Petals 18 mm long, blue, the claw linear, the blade reflexed, suborbicular, obtuse;
Stamens subincluded, shorter than the style, the filaments linear, contorted near apex; style included.
Type Reitz 5910 (holotype HBR, isotype US), Vidal Ramos, Sabia, Santa Catarina, Brazil, 7 Oct 1956.
DISTRIBUTION. Epiphytic in forest, 750-800 m alt, southern Brazil.
BRAZIL. Santa Catarina. Sabia, Ribeirao do Ouro, Brusque, 26 Dec 1953, Reitz 5826 (HBR, US); Fachinal, Biguacu, 8 Oct 1956, Reitz & Klein 3810 (HBR); Pinhal da Cia., Lauro Mueller, 20 Sep 1958, Reitz & Klein 7189 (HBR, US); Alto Matador, Rio do Sul, 16 Oct 1958, Reitz & Klein 7293 (HBR); Morro Spitzkopf. Blumenau, A. Seidel s n (HBR); Serra da Boa Vista. Sao Jose, 14 Oct 1960, Reitz & Klein 10236 (HBR); Sao Bento do Sul. 12 Oct 1961, L. Seidel 281 (HBR).
From Bromeliaceas by Reitz 131-134. 1983
(Note that he treats Tillandsia seideliana as a synonym but it is generally accepted that they are separate species)
Translated by Butcher
EPIPHYTIC, caulescent, 0.20-0.30m high. LEAVES 15-20cm long, erect, above the sheath 3mm, in the middle 1.5mm, the upper part weakly filiform, chartaceous, canaliculate-concave, green or dark violet, however never pruinose, sheath 6mm wide, 15mm long, lepidote. INFLORESCENCE simple, polystichous, in general well exceeding the leaves, 5-15-flowered, sublax, 3-4cm long, 2.5-3cm diam.; scape 8-12cm long, erect, glabrous, almost covered by foliaceous lepidote sheaths that pass over to the bracts; floral bracts ovate lanceolate, apex acute passing to a mucron, sparsely lepidote, up to 20mm long, 7mm wide, rarely inflated, the lower ones exceed the corolla, the upper ones exceeding at least the sepals, veined, rose coloured.
FLOWERS up to 20mm long, erect or suberect, sessile; sepals rose, covering them sinistrorsely, equally connate up to 2-3mm, membranaceous, up to 12mm long, 2mm wide, ovate lanceolate, acute; petals blue, up to 18mm long, initially linear, blade above wider (linear-spatulate), suborbicular blade, lightly plicate, apex obtuse rounded, clearly reflexed; stamens 6mm long, smaller than the petals, subincluded, smaller than the style, few times also larger; filaments linear, connivent, contorted a little above half; Style slightly larger or smaller than the anthers, included.
Type - Brasil: Santa Catarina, municipio de Presidente Nereu (ex-Vidal Ramos), Sabia, 750m de altitude, legit R. Reitz 5910 (07.10.1950), HBR holotipo, US isotipo.
Common names - Cravo-do-mato, gravatazinho, bromelia.
Phenological data - Flowers from September to December.
Ecological observations - small Herb, caulescent, 20-30cm high, epiphytic, numerous leaves, disposed in dense rosette, 15-20cm long, erect, very narrow (filiform), papery, canaliculate-concave. green or dark violet, inflorescence in general shorter than the leaves and with few flowers, developed floral bracts, purple-red, petals purple or blue; characteristic and exclusive to the rainforest of the Atlantic coast, situated in the Serra do Mar and over the Serra Geral and their many branches, located between 300 to 1.000 m. high, in vast and impressive numbers, in spite of its restricted dispersion.
Especially in diffused light it frequently grows as a heliophyte; it grows preferentially in the branches or trunks of trees in the interior of the less dense forests or located in areas more exposed to light. It rarely grows on the eastern border of the plateau, occurring in pine-forests.
At the moment it is endemic to Santa Catarina, however, very probably this occurrence area extends to the State of Paraná.
Material studied - SANTA CATARINA: ANTONIO CARLOS: Fachinol, flor roxa, R. Reitz & R. M. Klein 3810 (08.10.1956), HBR. BLUMENAU: Morro Spitzkopf, flor, A. Seidel s. nr. (-.09.1960), HBR,. LAURO MULLER: Pinhal da Companhia Barro Branco, eplfito no pinhal, 300 m, flor roxa, R.Reitz & R. M. Klein 7189 (20.09.1958), HBR, US. PRESIDENTE NEREU (ex-VIDAL RAMOS): Sabia, epifito da mata, 750m, flor anil, bracteas roxo-avermelhadas, R. Reitz 5910 (07.10.1956), HBR, typus, isotipo US; ibidem, R. Reitz 5826 (26.12.1963), HBR, US. RANCHO QUEIMADO: Serra da Boa Vista, epifito da mata, 1.000m, flor azul, R. Reitz & R. M. Klein 10236 (14.10.1960), HBR, RIO DO SUL: Alto Matador, flor roxa, R. Reitz & R. M. Klein 7293 (16.10.1958), HBR. SAO BENTO DO SUL: perto da cidade, flor, L. Seidel 291 (12.10.1961), HBR,.
Area of dispersal - SANTA CATARINA: Municipalities of Antonio Carlos, Blumenau, Lauro Muller, Rancho Queimado, Rio do Sul, Sao Bento do Sul and Vidal Ramos. BRASIL: At the moment only known from Santa Catarina. Probably in existence in state of Parana.
Uses - Plant ornamental.
Endemiological note. The leaves arranged in rosettes don't form a reservoir for pluvial waters,which are able to create mosquitoes, transmitters of malaria.
Comment by Pereira - If one considers only the details of the flowers, this new species differs from T. stricta Solan, however the dark purplish inflorescence, the habit of the plant, its quite erect leaves, with capilliform blade, and the shape of the scales made us consider it as a separate species, which we dedicate to Mr. Alvim Seidel who is giving a very good contribution in the discovery of a new species in the Bromeliaceae.
See Reitz’s ‘Bromeliaceas’ 1983 p131-134 where he considers this species as synonymous with his own T. montana!