|Ken Woods 08/04.|
Tillandsia lorentziana Grisebach, Pl. Lorentz., Gott. 1874.Abh. 19: 271.
Tillandsia lorentzii Andre, Revue Hort. 63: 172. 1891; error for "Iorentziana."
Tillandsia lorentziana var simplex 0. Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 3(2): 304. 1898. Type. Tunari, Cochabamba, Bolivia, Kuntze s n (NY), Oct 1892.
Desc from S&D p801-2
Plant caulescent, flowering 2-7 dm high; stem short and stout but distinct.
Leaves polystichous along the stem, 2-4 dm long;
Sheaths obscure, flat;
Blades very narrowly triangular, long-attenuate, to 20 mm wide, covered with spreading cinereous or brownish scales, often carinate, the inner suberect, the outer reflexed.
Scape erect, slender;
Scape bracts imbricate and usually covering the scape, the lower foliaceous, the upper lanceolate, acute, densely lepidote.
Inflorescence usually bipinnate or simple, lax when compound, usually 12-15 cm long with 4-8 spikes;
Primary bracts like the upper scape-bracts, much shorter than the spikes;
Spikes divergent, straight, oblong-lanceolate, 6 cm long, 15 mm wide, strongly complanate, bracts of the sterile base as large as the floral bracts;
Rhachis flexuous, slender, angled, glabrous.
Floral bracts erect or suberect, imbricate but so narrow as to expose the rhachis, acute, mostly 20-25 mm long, slightly exceeding the sepals, ecarinate, faintly nerved, papyraceous, glabrous or sparsely lepidote;
Sepals subfree, oblong, acute, 16-18 mm long, glabrous, the posterior carinate;
Petals 35 mm long, white (or blue see var. simplex above!) , the blades erect, elliptic, obtuse;
Stamens and pistil included, the filaments plicate.
Type. Lorentz 69 (holotype B, F photo 11511; isotype CORD), Las Penas, Arroyo Valley, Cordoba, Argentina, Feb 1871.
DISTRIBUTION. Saxicolous and epiphytic, 700-2600 m alt. Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina.
BOLIVIA. COCHABAMBA: Tunari, Apr 1892, Kuntze s n (NY); Abra de Sacaba, Mar .1941, Cardenas 2211 (GH); Cerro del Calvario, Quillacolla, Dec 1945, Cardenas 3577 (GH). SANTA CRUZ, Valle Grande: Pampa Grande, 21 Dec 1921, Steinbach 6034-A (F, GH). BRAZIL. GOIAS: Serta da Arruda, Pirineus, 27 Aug 1895, Glaziou 22196 e p (P); Serra dos Pirineus, Pirinopolis, 18 Oct 1956, L. B. Smith & Macedo 4827 (Macedo, US); Corumba de Goias, Cocheiro, 1 Oct 1966, Barroso s n (HB). DISTRITO FEDERAL: Brasilia, 20 Jul 1965, Sucre (RB, US). MATO GROSSO: Urucum, Corumba, 13 May 1941, Foster 1159 (GH). PARANA: Vila Velha, Ponta Grossa, 17 Dec 1903, Dusen 2756 (R); 19 Dec 1903, 2810 (R); 4 Feb 1909, 7624 (S); 25 Jan 1910, 9528 (S); 27 Aug 1939, Foster 412 (GH); Kuhlmann s n (SP); Apr 1953. Paech in Reitz 5680 (HBR); 14 Jan 1965, L. B. Smith, Klein & Hatschbach 14452 (HBR, R, US); 13 Dec 1965, Reitz & Klein 17546 (HBR, US); Rio Silo Joilo, Carambei, Castro, 15 Jan 1965, L. B. Smith, Klein & Hatschbach 14505 (HBR, R, US); 17 Dec 1965, Reitz & Klein 17860 (HBR, US); Paredilo das Araras, Rio Parana, Icaraima, 20 Jan 1967, Hatschbach & Haas 15779 (US). RIO GRANDE DO SUL: Sao Leopoldo, 2 Nov 1934, Rambo s n (LIL, PACA); Dec 1941, Eugenio 2211 (GH); Quarai, Jarau, 10 Jan 1945, Rambo s n (LIL, PACA); Sao Francisco de Assis, A. Seidel 600 (US). PARAGUAY. Paraguari, Aug 1874, Balansa 613 (P); Nov 1882, 4744 (P); Cerro Hu, 15 Dec 1882, Balansa 4743 (P); Itapucu-mi, Rio Paraguay, 19 Sep 1893, Lindman A-2159 (S); Colonia Risso, 25 Oct 1893, Lindman A-2159-B (S); Dec 1916, Rojas 2070 (MVM); San Bernardino, 1916, Rojas s n (MVM); 12743 (S); Serra Pelada, 28 Dec 1928, Jorgensen 3965 (DS); Camachini, Chaco, Dec 1939, Rojas 8713 (GH). ARGENTINA. Jujuy: San Pedro de Jujuy, Schreiter 1755 (MVM); 30 Nov 1925, 5155 (GH); 30 Nov 1926, Venturi 5130 (GH, US); Perico, 19 Jan 1930, Parodi 9040 (BAA). SALTA: Rosario de la Frontera, 7 Jan 1905, Lillo 3913 (GH); Quebrada de Talapampa, Dec 1915, Lillo s n (GH); Alemania, Guachipas, 20 Dec 1929, Venturi 9965 (GH, S, US); 27 Nov 1933, Peirano s n (GH); Coronel Moldes, 15 Feb 1943, Bartlett 19699 (MICH, US). TUCUMAN: Quebrada de Lules, Famailla, 29 Dec 1920, Venturi 1182 (GH, MVM, US); Vipos, Trancas, 3 Dec 1922, Venturi 1984 (US); 19 Aug 1923, Schreiter 6577 (GH, NY); La Carbonera, El Naranjal, Schreiter 799 (GH, MVM). SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO: Ojo de Agua, 1887, Grumbkov in Kurtz5275 (CORD); Sierras de Guasayan, 28 Dec 1942, Arganaraz s n (LIL). FORMOSA: Formosa, Feb 1918, Jorgensen 2804 e p (LIL, US). CHACO. Resistencia, Feb 1935, Schulz 813 (GH); 17 May 1945, Meyer 8833 (AA). LA RIOJA, San Martin: La Diana, Stuckert 17110 (CORD); Gobernador Gordillo: Polco, Chamical, Dec 1895, Kurtz 8922 (CORD); Independencia: Aguadita, 31 Dec 1906, Kurtz 14110 (CORD). CORDOBA: Sierra Chica, 26 Jan 1876, Hieronymus 481 (CORD, US); s d, Lorentz 736 (P); s d, Stuckert 4278 (G); 12 Nov 1905, Kurtz 13064 (CORD); Colanchanga, Sierra de Cordoba, Dec 1875, Hieronymus 350 (B, CORD, GOET); 12 Dec 1890, Kurtz 6959 (CORD); Dique, Dec 1891, Kuntze s n (NY); Dec 1901, Mina Clavero, San Alberto, Stuckert l1297 (CORD, G); Calera, Colon, 31 Dec 1902, Stuckert 12420 (CORD, G); Villa Garcia, Tanti, Punilla, 16 Dec 1909, Stuckert 20477 (CORD); Dean Funes, 30 Nov 1916, Sanzin 1288 (MVM); Capilla del Monte, Valle de Punilla, Jan 1917, Hosseus 54 (CORD); Alta Gracia, Santa Maria, 30 Jan 1944, Pierotti s n (AA, US). CORCERIENTES: Estancia Santa Teresa, Mburucuya, 22 Nov 1949, Schwarz 8846 (LIL); 1 Aug 1951 , Pedersen 482 (C, US).
forma simplex 0. Kuntze. Revis. Gen. III, 2. (1898) 304; Castell. in Anal. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires XXXVI. (1931) 374. Treated by S&D as a synonym of T. lorentziana.
Detail from Mez 1935 - A typo differt spica simplici si composita tunc pannicula depauperata; petalis lilacinis staturaque minore
Bolivia (0.Kuntze). Argentina: San Luis, San Francisco, Quebrada del Palmar (Castellanos n. 25/612), Quebrada de Ramos (id. n. 25/513), Quebrada del Rio Quines (id. n. 25/611); Cordoba, Dept. San Javier (Hauman n. 1600), Capilla del monte, Los Paredones (Castellanos n. 1594).
Note from Walter Till 15 Apl 1997
I know the problem with the blue petalled Tillandsia lorentziana. Confusion is even stronger when you take into consideration that T. cardenasii (incl. the dwarf form T. pseudocardenasii) is widespread in Central Bolivia and is closely related to T. lorentziana. As the blue petalled T. lorentziana tend to have simple inflorescences I would not exclude that they represent natural hybrids of the two aforementioned species.
However, extensive field studies are needed to interpret this alliance correctly.
The following was referred to in Mez 1935 under T. lorentziana but he clearly mixed plants especially when he treated T. rusbyi as a synonym.
No reference in S&D. After consultation decided to treat this as Vriesea aff. lubbersii
Tillandsia lorentziana Grisebach by L. Wittmack in Gartenflora XL 313, t. 1349, (1891)
Translated by Butcher
Sect. Platystachys. Leaves from a longish base narrowing to linear, acuminate, rolled inwards, bent over, shorter than the shaft, bran-like scales, scales,( hairy) densely prominent, greyish-white. Panicle drawn together, formed by several spikes, the individual spikes with 3-5 flowers, prominent, alternate, somewhat apart from each other, rather equally long. Floral bract of a single flower (shiny scarlet red), imbricate, distichous, smooth, folded, longish, acuminate, nerved striped, a little exceeding the sepal, 3-4 times longer than the internodes. Sepals 1˝ times longer than the claw of the petal, acuminate, petals with threadlike claw and spatulate-lanceolate (white) blade, that is half as long as the claw. anther prominent, style even further extended, stigma blunt, ciliate.
Compared with T. balbisiana Schult, it is distinguished at first glance by the scales on the leaves and the lower bracts, and spreading from T. pruinosa Sw.
Stem 1 foot high. Leaves 4-7 inches long, base 8-10 lines wide, gradually narrowing, about the middle becoming narrow, gradually merging into the scape bracts on the stem, sheath-like, about 1˝ in long, spike 3-2 in. long, floral bract 1 in. Sepals 10/12 inch, petals 1 8/12 inch long.
Cordoba. At dry rocks in the valley of the river Auroyo near Las Penas. Lorentz n. 803)
Preceding this is Grisebach’s almost verbatim translation of the description in his “Plantae Lorentziae”, treatise of the Gottinger Society of the Sciences, XIX, 1874, p 271 (refer. Baker, Handbook Brom. 182).
" "The plant first flowered with Mr. Jacob Makoy in Luttich 1880, and in the year 1890 in the Orchid - Garden of the Garden-Inspector J C F Bouche in Endenich near Bonn, who directly introduced the plant. Our illustration is produced from an illustration of the original plant painted by Mr. Inspector Bouche, that he had determined and sent over to us. We have not seen the plant itself, only one leaf and an individual flower. Mr. J G Baker in Kew, to whom we sent the illustration, however also thinks that it is probably T. lorentziana. Hopefully we will later see another with a richly branched panicle: in the Grisebach collection there is such a plant and also has a single spike with more flowers. Mr. Inspector Bouche wrote the following to us about the plant:
Two years ago, I travelled through Paraguay with a friend, Mr. Schantzer, where different Bromeliaceae and orchids often repeatedly, grow, a Bromeliaceae species attracted my attention particularly through its odd habit, and which I had not yet noticed in known Bromeliaceae collections. Immediately near falls in relatively low growth we found an unusual prominent plant, strong bulblike appearance below, above the roots there is a tuft of leaves. The same becomes formed at the trunk by wide leaf bases, which provide the plant with a large natural reservoir. We are privileged to have imported examples of it here with one purely epiphytic form.
After about a year in cultivation with the plant in fibrous orchid-mix and swamp-moss, (I have cultivated similar plants of this type with good success for years), the same developed an about 35cm high flower stem from the centre, the lower part with green scape bracts, and in the upper part a shiny cinnabar red colour.
They have the same colour as the flower stem and its additional branches with surrounding bracts. The not large flowers are pure white and stands in effective contrast with the scarlet bracts so that the plant at flowering time is one much admired ornament of my Bromeliad collection. The illustration added to the text here was prepared from a watercolour drawing from my garden, shows however, as is abundantly clear with pictorial representations of flowers, that unfortunately are not those shining natural colour tones of the plant.
Through artificial fertilization of the flowers I succeeded in getting viable seed from T. lorentziana, that were sowed about two weeks ago. I hope that I will receive a large number of young plants soon. It multiplies very easily also through side offsets (babies), which this Bromeliad produces to 3-4 cuttings, and accordingly I already have 8 young plants, that each sells at 20 Mks per piece.
Figure-information (gf40-313): a Floral bract with dry flower, b. Floral bract, c Sepal, d. Flower, e Petal, f. upper part of filaments, g. Ovary