Tillandsia achyrostachys
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Tillandsia achyrostachys
Ken Woods, Sydney 12/05.
Michael Mathieson, Ipswich 10/13.
Julie and Dave Batty 07/18
Julie and Dave Batty ... "This started flowering about a month ago and continues to pop out the occasional reward."
Alfonso Trudu 07/20
Alfonso Trudu 07/20
Rob Bower 07/20
Alfonso Trudu ... "The plant started developing a spike about 6 months ago. It was pale pink. Eventually it changed colour to a bright pink, but it took the plant another two months to flower. This is the first flower. We now have a second one. We have self-pollinated it and also crossed it with other species/hybrids. We only have one clone of Tillandsia achyrostachys."
Chris Larson ... "To me, a little tricky. I suppose that's why it is not around too much. It is easy to bleach the colour out of the spike when in too much light - and it colours very well when grown in low light. I hope it pups well for you."
Alfonso Trudu ... "We kept the plant under 70% shade cloth, but really close to it with the spike almost touching it. The leaves lost their green colour, but the spike turned out to be very pink. Because of the cold weather we are keeping the plant inside overnight."
Rob Bower ... "Alfonso: Here's a pic of my achrostachys and it hasn't made it back to flowering size yet - since July 2017. I guess its just not in the right climate. The colour isn't as nice as yours but still pretty."


Tillandsia achyrostachys E. Morren ex Baker, Handb. Bromel. 171 1889.
Desc from S&D p929
Plant stemless, flowering 2-4 dm high.
Leaves densely rosulate, 20-27 cm long, covered throughout with fine appressed cinereous scales;
Sheaths erect, subtriangular , elongate, merging insensibly into the blade;
Blades usually curved-spreading, very narrowly triangular, filiform-attenuate, I cm wide, flat.
Scape erect;
Scape-bracts densely imbricate, the lower foliaceous, the upper broadly elliptic, filiform-caudate or apiculate, chartaceous, densely lepidote.
Inflorescence simple, densely distichous-flowered or sometimes the lower flowers polystichous (! Mez), linear, acute, 1-2 dm long, terete or subterete at anthesis, 8-15 mm wide, glabrous.
Floral bracts erect, imbricate, ovate, acute, 3-4 cm long, exceeding the sepals, 3-4 times as long as the internodes, ecarinate, chartaceous, closely and strongly nerved, bright red;
Flowers sessile.
Sepals lanceolate, acuminate, to 26 mm long, membranaceous, prominently nerved, the posterior carinate and short connate;
Petals erect, 45 mm long, ligulate, obtuse, yellow;
Stamens and pistil exserted.
Capsule slenderly ellipsoid, abruptly short-beaked, barely exceeding the sepals.
Type. Morren icon (holotype K; GH photo), made from a plant received from Kienast of Zurich.
DISTRIBUTION. On cacti and trees in dry habitats, 690-2400 m alt, Mexico.
MEXICO. CHIHUAHUA: Guagueybo, 3 Apr 1955, Pennington 83 (TEX). SAN LUIS POTOSI: without exact locality, d'Aoust 873 (P). PUEBLA: Azucar de Matamoros, Dec 1884, Mexicana Com. Geogr. 372 (F, GH); 31 Mar 1957 ,Foster & Van Hyning 2913 (US); Tehuacan, Dec 1895, Pringle 7025 (US); Zapotitlan, Apr 1912, Purpus 5856 e p (GH, MO, UC). MORELOS: Yautepec, 27 Aug 1903, Rose & Painter 719 (US); Cuer-navaca, 9 Sep 1903, Rose & Painter 8070 (US); Canyon del Lobo, 15 Jan 1932, Froderstrom & Hulten 160 (NY, S); Nov 1959, Paray 3062 (IPMEX). MEXICO: Ixtapan, Mar 1952, Matuda 26092 (US); 27 Feb 1960, Van Hyning 6016 (US); Zumpahuacin, Dec 1954, Matuda 31902 (MEXU, US). OAXACA: Lachatao, 24 Dec 1947, MacDougall s n (US); San Domingo Lachivito, 15 Dec 1951, MacDougall in Matuda 26071 (MEXU, US); Acatlan, 21 Mar 1960, Van Hyning 6040 (US); Tamazulapan, 18 Apr 1965, Rzedowski 19691 (IPMEX). CHIAPAS: Tuxtla, 7 Apr 1959, Foster & Van Hyning 2981 (US).

Tillandsia achyrostachys var stenolepis L. B. Smith, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 29: 505. 1951. Not now considered a variety.
Floral bracts narrow, not altogether concealing the rhachis, not over 3 cm long. Type. Pringle 4111 (holotype US, isotypes BM, F, GH, MO, NY, S), on burseras, hills near Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, 25 Jun 1892. DISTRIBUTION. Epiphytic in dry habitats, 1140-1850 m alt, Mexico.
MEXICO. CHIHUAHUA: Rio Candemena, Rio Mayo headwaters, 23 Jun 1937, LeSeur 1288 (F, GH, MO). DURANGO: Corral de Piedra, Rio Piaxtla, Apr 1943, Lundell13007 (GH, LL); 13011 (LL). NAYARIT: Ahuacatlin, 25 May 1849,Gregg 995 ep (MO); Tepic,28 Aug 1948 (fl. in cult. May 1949), Dressler 331 (MO). JALISCO: Guadalajara, 28 Sep 1891, Pringle 5170 (GH); 19 Sep 1897, Rose 3022 (US); Rio Santiago, May 1912, Diguet s n (MICH, P, US); Ciudad Guzman, 23 Oct 1940, Moore 173 (GH); Mezquitic, 16 Apr 1951, McVaugh 12018 (MICH, US); San Luis Soyatlin, 28 Jun 1957, McVaugh 15064 (MICH). GUANAJUATO: Santa Rosa, 1901, Duges s n (GH). PUEBLA: Tepexco, 22 Aug 1965, Hernandez s n (IPMEX). MEXICO: Ixtapan de la Sal, 9 Jan 1964, Rzedowski 18236 (IPMEX). MICHOACAN: 70 km from Temascal toward Huetamo, 13 Nov 1949, Moore, Hernandez, & Porras 5683 (BH). COLIMA: Tamazula, 24 Feb 1960, Van Hyning 612 (US). OAXACA: Totolapa to San Carlos, Apr 1895, Nelson 2545 (US); San Juan Guelache, Etla, 19 Dec 1969, MacDougall s n (US).

From McVaugh in Flora Novo Galiciana 1989
Tillandsia achyrostachys E. Morr. ex Baker, Handb. Bromel. 171. 1889. Represented in Mexico by two varieties. The var. achyrostachys, with ovate densely imbricated floral bracts, is known from Mex., Mor., Oax., Pue.
The type was a drawing made by Morren from a cultivated plant originally from Mexico (K, the holotype). In the following rather doubtfully distinct variety the floral bracts are narrower, not always wholly concealing the rachis.
Tillandsia achyrostachys var. stenolepis L. B. Smith, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 29: 505. fig. 68e. 1951.
Rocky hills and barrancas, on trees in tropical deciduous forest or pine-oak forest, often in rather dry situations, (400-) 900-2300 m on the Pacific slope and inland in the Santiago basin and other interior basins, flowering Feb-?Sep.
Chih., Dgo., ?s Zac., Nay., Gto., Jal. (Guadalajara, Pringle 4111, US!, the holotype), Col., Mich., Oax.
E of Mezquitic (McVaugh 12018); above the lake at Santa Maria del Oro (Feddema 694); W of Ahuacatlan (?Gregg 995 p.p.); Barrancas {between Tequila and Plan de Barrancas}, 25 May 1849 (Gregg 896, MO); Mpio. Hostotipaquillo, San Pedro Analco, 2000 m (Pineda Hernandez s.n., IBUG); Mpio. Ameca, Portezuelos (Lomeli Guerrera s.n:, IBUG); Bolanos to Guadalajara (Rose 3022); Mpio. Cuquio, road to Rio de Agua Caliente (Puga & Carvajal 10365, IBUG); 10 km {S} of San Cristobal de la Barranca, pine-oak forest (Castro Castro 96, IBUG); "barranca du rio Santiago" (Diguet in 1912, MICH); Mpio. Jocotepec, above El Molino, Potrero La Lima, 2300 m (Vargas Inclan 8, IBUG); 6 km E of San Luis Soyatlan (McYaugh 15064); S of Mascota, pine-oak forest (Hernandez Guerrero s. n., IBUG); Cruz de Romero near Talpa,1320 m (Ballesteros Franco s. n., IBUG); Mpio. {?V. Carranza}, 20 km E of Tonaya (Valenzuela Z.110, IBUG); SE of Ciudad Guzman (Moore 173, GH, cited by Smith, not seen); near Tamazula (Van Hyning 612, US); km 18 between Colima and Manzanillo, 400 m (Valenzuela Z.106, IBUG).
Stemless, 20-40 cm high;
leaves crowded in a rosette, 20-27 cm long, densely and finely pale-lepidote throughout;
sheaths erect, subtriangular, elongate, merging insensibly into the blades, these usually curved, spreading, very narrowly triangular, flat, 1 cm wide near base, filiform-attenuate;
inflorescence erect, simple, the spike linear in outline, acute, 10-20 cm long, 8-15 mm in diameter, terete or subterete at anthesis, glabrous, the flowers sessile, distichous (?or the lower ones polystichous);
scape-bracts closely imbricated, the lower foliaceous, the upper broadly elliptic, filiform-caudate or apiculate, thin, densely lepidote;
floral bracts erect, narrow, 2.5-3.6 cm long, in profile 6-8 mm wide, not always wholly concealing the rachis, much longer than the internodes, exceeding the sepals, ecarinate, papery, glabrous, closely and strongly nerved, bright red;
sepals lanceolate, up to 2.5-2.8 cm long, keeled, glabrous, membranous, prominently nerved, the adaxial (posterior) ones short-connate;
petals tubular-erect, ligulate, 4.5 cm long, obtuse, yellow or pale-green or "citron" (G);
stamens and pistil exserted:
fruit slenderly ellipsoid, abruptly short-beaked, 3-3.6 cm long.
This is the commonest stemless Tillandsia at middle elevations throughout Nueva Galicia, and the only one there with the flowers in a narrow simple glabrous long-pedunculate spike. Unbranched inflorescences sometimes occur in species that normally produce several or many spikes, but these species are found almost without exception in the Pacific lowlands.

Diversity and Genetic Structure of the Mexican Endemic Epiphyte Tillandsia achyrostachys E. Morr. ex Baker var. achyrostachys (Bromeliaceae).
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Annals of Botany. 94(4):545-551, October 2004.
Gonzalez-Astorga, Jorge ; Cruz-Angon, Andrea ; Flores-Palacios, Alejandro ; Vovides, Andrew P.
Abstract:
Background and Aims: The monoecious, bird-pollinated epiphytic Tillandsia achyrostachys E. Morr. ex Baker var. achyrostachys is an endemic bromeliad of the tropical dry forests of Mexico with clonal growth. In the Sierra de Huautla Natural Reserve this species shows a host preference for Bursera copallifera (Sesse & Moc ex. DC) Bullock. As a result of deforestation in the study area, B. copallifera has become a rare tree species in the remaining forest patches. This human-induced disturbance has directly affected the population densities of T. achyrostachys. In this study the genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation were assessed by comparing the genetic diversity, gene flow and genetic differentiation in six populations of T. achyrostachys in the Sierra de Huautla Natural Reserve, Mexico.
Methods: Allozyme electrophoresis of sixteen loci (eleven polymorphic and five monomorphic) were used. The data were analysed with standard statistical approximations for obtaining diversity, genetic structure and gene flow.
Key Results: Genetic diversity and allelic richness were: HE=O{middle dot}21 +l- 0{middle dot}02, A=1 {middle dot}86 +/0{middle dot}08, respectively. F-statistics revealed a deficiency of heterozygous plants in all populations (Fit=O{middle dot}65 +/- 0{middle dot}02 and Fis=O{middle dot}43 +/- 0{middle dot}06). Significant genetic differentiation between populations was detected (Fst=O{middle dot}39 +l- 0{middle dot}07). Average gene flow between pairs of populations was relatively low and had high variation (Nm=O{middle dot}46 +l- 0{middle dot}21), which denotes a pattern of isolation by distance. The genetic structure of populations of T. achyrostachys suggests that habitat fragmentation has reduced allelic richness and genetic diversity, and increased significant genetic differentiation (by approx. 40%:) between populations.
Conclusions: The F-statistic values (>0) and the level of gene flow found suggest that habitat fragmentation has broken up the former population structure. In this context, it is proposed that the host trees of T. achyrostachys should be considered as a conservation priority, since they represent the limiting factor to bromeliad population growth and connectivity.


Updated 18/08/20